Training to Competition Ratio
• No specific ratio. Children should be encouraged to compete with themselves (e.g., How many in row? keep a rally going for a specified time period, hit targets for points, etc.). Children should also participate in a number of sports to help develop all fundamental movement skills, and they should also have daily unstructured physical activity.
• No formal periodization. Activities should be planned around the school year to include camps during summer and winter holidays.
• Develop the fundamental movement skills through a variety of activities.
• Emphasize fun and the ABCs (Agility, Balance,Coordination, Suppleness).
• Develop striking skills.
• Introduce sport numeracy through a scoring system (e.g., points for hitting targets).
• Focus on developing physical literacy by emphasizing fundamental movement skills and fundamental sport skills.
• Introduce the main tactic in squash – take away time and space.
• Physical growth is relatively constant, but noticeably slower than the Active Start stage.
• Coordination improves steadily and the nervous system continues to develop rapidly (slowing towards the end of this stage).
• Although aerobic metabolism is primary, low endurance is prevalent in the early part of this stage (but improves noticeably).
.• Anaerobic capacity is very limited, and heart rates are significantly higher than adults at all levels, including rest.
• Thermoregulatory control is poorly developed and children are not equipped to deal with hot or cold environments well.
• Skeletal system continues to be fragile with poor loading tolerance.
• Measurable ‘reaction time’ performance is below that of adults, although coordinated movement speed improves.
• Strength and strength endurance capability rise largely due to nervous system development and coordination improvements.
• There is little potential for hypertrophy (muscle mass increase), so there is no need for formal resistance training programs.